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Tinea Capitis / Ringworm of the Scalp / Tinea Tonsurans

Tinea Capitis Treatment | Scalp Ringworm Treatment | Best Dermatologist

Tinea capitis is a disease caused by superficial fungal infection of the skin of the scalp, eyebrows, and eyelashes, with a propensity for attacking hair shafts and follicles. The disease is considered to be a form of superficial mycosis or dermatophytosis. Several synonyms are used, including ringworm of the scalp and tinea tonsurans. In the United States and other regions of the world, the incidence of tinea capitis is increasing.

Hair can be infected with Trichophyton and Microsporum fungi.

Types of tinea capitis infections

Tinea capitis is classified according to how the fungus invades the hair shaft.

Ectothrix infection

Ectothrix hair invasion is due to infection with M. canis, M. audouinii, M. distortum, M. ferrugineum, M. gypseum, M. nanum, and T. verrucosum. The fungal branches (hyphae) and spores (arthroconidia) cover the outside of the hair.

Endothrix infection

Endothrix invasion results from infection with T. tonsurans, T. violaceum and T. soudanense. The hair shaft is filled with fungal branches (hyphae) and spores (arthroconidia).


Favus  is caused by T. schoenleinii infection, which results in a honeycomb destruction of the hair shaft.